Till September
Arrival of the prisoners in Mannheim-Sandhofen.

2nd October
First attempt to escape undertaken by a prisoner

7th October
A doctor and six German kapos (from French "caporal", corporal; a prisoner who heads a working command in a concentration camp) are commandeered from Natzweiler concentration camp (Alsace)

19th October
Daimler-Benz sends off 200 prisoners to the gasworks in Mannheim-Luzenberg for clearance work on the demolished site

20th October
The first dead prisoner of the camp is registered

20th October
The guard detachment is reinforced

23rd October
The commandant's headquarters is evacuated from the Natzweiler concentration camp to Guttenbach, near Neckarelz (Baden-Württemberg)

15th December
An aircraft bomb hits the grounds of the Friedrichschule. Three prisoners die. The school is badly damaged, the gymnasium is completely destroyed.

16th December
The prisoners are transferred to the air-raid shelter on the premises of Daimler-Benz and to the Immelmann air-raid shelter on the premises of Zellstoff.

23rd December
W. Kostrzenski and Jan Pielak escape. 13 prisoners had planned their escape but 11 of them shrank from their plan at the last minute. Kostrzenski was arrested at Bamberg. The death sentence has not been carried out.

23rd December
200 prisoners from Sandhofen arrive at the Vaihingen concentration camp in Vaihingen on the Enz (Baden-Württemberg). They are assigned to work for the "Untertage-Verlagerungs-Projekt Galenit" where a subterranean factory building is constructed for the Daimler-Benz plant in Mannheim.

24th December
394 prisoners are deported to the Buchenwald concentration camp where they arrive on 26th Dec. 1944. Those who are still able-bodied are sent to an Außenkommando (outside camp). Then, on 3rd January 1945 at the latest, the remaining prisoners are transferred to the Alte Schule in Sandhofen.


4th January
Marian Krainski is executed on the grounds of the Friedrichschule. He is accused of Sabotage. Staff of Daimler-Benz and the prison indoor Service witness the execution.

1st February
The Alte Schule is destroyed after heavy bombardment, so that the prisoners must move again into the first floor of the Friedrichschule which has just been repaired in a rough and ready manner.

Mid February
A number of prisoners is deported to a salt-mine in Kochendorf (Baden-Württemberg) where they work for the Eisbär ("Polar Bear") building project.

8th March.
94 exhausted men (mainly prisoners who suffer from a lung disease and those unable to walk) are deported to the Vaihingen Invalids Camp.

Mid March
The remaining prisoners are deported from Sandhofen first to Kochendorf (Baden-Württem-berg) where they have to work in the salt-mine. At the beginning of April 1945 they have to leave Kochendorf on foot and walk to Ulm (Baden-Württemberg), then they are taken to the Dachau concentration camp. On 29th and 30* April 1945 respectively, the U.S. army liberated the survivors.